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Tractor Parts: International

A Brief History About INTERNATIONAL

The roots of International Harvester can be traced back to the 1830's, when Cyrus Hall McCormick, an inventor from Virginia finalized his version of the horse-drawn reaper which was demonstrated in 1831 and patented in 1834.  In 1847 together with his brother, they started the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company in Chicago.  McCormick died in Chicago. 

The company passed to his son, Cyrus McCormick, Jr.  The formation of the International Harvester Company was the result of a 1902 merger between the McCormick Harvesting Machine Company and Deering Harvester Company, along with three smaller agricultural equipment firms:  Milwaukee, Plano, and Warder, Bushnell, and Glessner (manufacturers of Champion brand). 

The International Harvester Farmall tractor was introduced in 1924 to fend off competition from the Ford Motor Company's Fordson tractors.  The Farmall was the first tractor in the United States to incorporate a tricycle-like design (or row-crop front axle).  From 1924 until 1963, Farmalls were the largest selling row crop tractors.  In 1973, IH officially dropped for "Farmall" name from its tractor.  The Farmall Cub (later re-named International Cub) remained in production the longest from 1947 until 1979. 

Tenneco, Inc who already owned the subsidiary company, J.I. Case that manufactured tractors, bought The International Harvester Company for it's full line of farm implements in November of 1984.   Following the meager, production of the IH tractor ceased in May 1985 at the Illinois plant.  Production of the all new Case IH tractor was moved to the J.I. Case Tractor Works in Wisconsin.   Those two manufacturers, along with Steiger, became known as Case I.H. in 1995.